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Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard, 1853 - Western Smooth Earthsnake


Maps

Locality Map

Locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

County Map

County map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
County map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Currently unavailable: Historical Locality Map

Historical locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Historical locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake). Black circles ( ) represent records after 1986, blue squares ( ) represent records between 1966 and 1986, orange triangles ( ) represent records prior to 1966. Note that more recent records might conceal underlying older records.
Map created 28 February 2018.

Currently unavailable: Historical County Map

Historical county map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Historical county map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake). Black circles ( ) represent records after 1986, blue squares ( ) represent records between 1966 and 1986, orange triangles ( ) represent records prior to 1966. Note that only the most recent county record for each county is shown.
Map created 28 February 2018.

Ecological Drainage Locality Map

Ecological Drainage Units map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Ecological Drainage Units locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Natural Divisions Locality Map

Natural Divisions locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Natural Divisions and Sections locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Major Watersheds Locality Map

Major watersheds map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Major Watersheds locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Level I Ecoregion Locality Map

Level I Ecoregions map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Level I Ecoregion locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Level II Ecoregion Locality Map

Level II Ecoregions map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Level II Ecoregion locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Level III Ecoregion Locality Map

Level III Ecoregions map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Level III Ecoregion locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Level IV Ecoregion Locality Map

Level IV Ecoregions map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake)
Level IV Ecoregion locality map for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake).
Map created 28 February 2018.

Native Status

Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake) is native to Missouri.

Collection Summary

Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake) has a total of 282 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 62 counties and 158 localities. There are a total of 80 collectors and 160 collection dates for the species. This results in a total of 172 expeditions for the species, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The earliest collection year for the species in Missouri is 1892 and its most recent collection year is 2016. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 7 and November 1, respectively. If you have a new record to report, read the New Records section of the FAQ.

Collection Summary by County

Collection summary for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake) by county. Some values are unavailable since some records are represented solely by historical literature reports, which sometimes lack complete collecting data. Click on a county name to view more information about that county. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
County Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Adair 2 2 2 2 2 1992 2005
Benton 3 4 3 3 3 1940 2002
Bollinger 2 3 2 2 2 1965 1971
Boone 20 74 10 24 28 1978 2007
Butler 1 1 2 1 1 1995 1995
Callaway 1 1 1 1 1 1999 1999
Camden 2 3 1 2 2 1982 1982
Cape Girardeau 2 3 5 3 3 1996 2011
Carter 1 1 1 1 1 1989 1989
Christian 6 11 10 7 7 1961 2003
Cole 2 2 2 2 2 1982 2004
Crawford 3 4 3 3 3 1896 1977
Dallas 1 1 1 1 1 2002 2002
Dent 1 2 3 2 2 2011 2011
Douglas 1 2 1 1 1 1976 1976
Dunklin 1 1 1 1 1 1962 1962
Franklin 1 1 1 1 1 1976 1976
Gasconade 1 1 1 1 1 1991 1991
Gentry 1 1 1 1 1 1989 1989
Greene 1 1 1 1 1 1959 1959
Grundy 2 2 1 1 1
Harrison 2 2 3 2 2 1997 2003
Henry 2 2 1 1 1 1991 1991
Hickory 1 1 1 1 1 1940 1940
Howard 3 3 1 3 3 2003 2015
Iron 4 4 5 4 4 1974 2009
Jackson 14 22 4 16 17 1936 1982
Jefferson 8 14 6 10 11 1900 1971
Johnson 2 3 2 2 2 1940 1991
Laclede 3 3 3 3 3 1990 2016
Lewis 1 1 1 1 1 2003 2003
Lincoln 2 4 3 4 4 1978 2015
Maries 1 1 1 1 1 1982 1982
Marion 1 1 1 1 1 2003 2003
Miller 4 4 4 3 4 1969 1976
Moniteau 1 1 3 1 1 2008 2008
Monroe 3 3 3 3 3 2001 2009
Montgomery 3 3 4 3 3 2003 2009
Morgan 1 1 1 1 1 1963 1963
Newton 1 1 1 1 1 2006 2006
Osage 1 1 2 1 1 2011 2011
Perry 1 1 2 1 1 2011 2011
Phelps 4 5 6 5 5 1981 2015
Pike 2 3 2 2 3 1992 1997
Pulaski 1 1 2 1 1 2013 2013
Ralls 1 1 1 1 1 2002 2002
Randolph 1 1 1 1 1 2002 2002
Saint Charles 1 1 1 1 1 1965 1965
Saint Clair 7 20 4 11 11 1938 1968
Sainte Genevieve 1 1 1 1 1 1971 1971
Saint Francois 2 2 4 2 2 1950 2008
Saint Louis 4 8 3 3 4 1892 1933
Saline 1 1 1 1 1 1940 1940
Shannon 2 8 3 2 2 2008 2008
Stone 1 1 3 1 1 2006 2006
Sullivan 2 2 2 2 2 2005 2006
Taney 3 3 3 3 3 1973 2007
Warren 1 1 2 1 1 2003 2003
Washington 1 6 2 3 4 1953 1972
Wayne 2 3 2 2 2 1937 1957
Webster 4 13 2 4 4 1960 1962
Wright 3 4 4 3 4 1961 2003

Potential County Records

Potential counties for Virginia valeriae (Western Smooth Earthsnake). Counties are listed in descending order of their likelihood of having this species. Click on a county to view more information about that county. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Likelihood County Rationale Ecoregion / Watershed
2 Audrain Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles River Hills
2 Barry Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles White River Hills
2 Jasper Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Springfield Plateau
2 Madison Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Saint Francois Knobs and Basins
2 Pemiscot Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Saint Francis Lowlands
2 Pettis Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Wooded Osage Plains
2 Putnam Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
2 Ray Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Rolling Loess Prairies
2 Reynolds Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Current River Hills
2 Reynolds Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Saint Francois Knobs and Basins
2 Stoddard Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Black River Hills Border
2 Texas Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Osage/Gasconade Hills
2 Worth Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
3 Clay Same Level III ecoregion, within 5 miles Western Corn Belt Plains
3 Platte Same Level III ecoregion, within 5 miles Western Corn Belt Plains
4 Cass Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Wooded Osage Plains
4 Cooper Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Rolling Loess Prairies
4 Cooper Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles River Hills
4 Daviess Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
4 Lafayette Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Rolling Loess Prairies
4 Lafayette Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Wooded Osage Plains
4 Lawrence Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Springfield Plateau
4 Livingston Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
4 Ozark Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles White River Hills
4 Schuyler Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
4 Shelby Same Level IV ecoregion, within 10 miles River Hills
6 Andrew Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Carroll Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Rolling Loess Prairies
6 Cedar Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Osage/Gasconade Hills
6 Cedar Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Springfield Plateau
6 Chariton Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Rolling Loess Prairies
6 Clark Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Dade Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Springfield Plateau
6 De Kalb Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Knox Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Linn Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Macon Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 McDonald Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Springfield Plateau
6 Mercer Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 New Madrid Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Saint Francis Lowlands
6 Nodaway Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
6 Oregon Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Current River Hills
6 Polk Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Osage/Gasconade Hills
6 Polk Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Central Plateau
6 Polk Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Springfield Plateau
6 Ripley Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Current River Hills
6 Scotland Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
7 Scott Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
8 Barton Same Level IV ecoregion, within 30 miles Springfield Plateau
8 Caldwell Same Level IV ecoregion, within 30 miles Loess Flats and Till Plains
8 Howell Same Level IV ecoregion, within 30 miles Current River Hills
8 Howell Same Level IV ecoregion, within 30 miles Central Plateau
9 Buchanan Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Western Corn Belt Plains
9 Clinton Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Western Corn Belt Plains
9 Mississippi Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
10 Bates Same Level IV ecoregion, adjacent county Wooded Osage Plains
10 Vernon Same Level IV ecoregion, adjacent county Wooded Osage Plains

Linnaean Classification

Kingdom:
Animalia - Animals
Phylum:
Chordata - Chordates
Subphylum:
Vertebrata - Vertebrates
Class:
Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 - Reptiles
Order:
Squamata Oppel, 1811 - Lizards and Snakes
Suborder:
Serpentes Linnaeus, 1758 - Snakes
Family:
Colubridae Oppel, 1811 - Typical Harmless Snakes
Genus:
Virginia Baird and Girard, 1853 - North American Earthsnakes
Species:
Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard, 1853 - Western Smooth Earthsnake

Recent Taxonomic Synonyms

(none)