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Species List (Collection Summary)


Collection Summary

Missouri has a total of 30,244 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 118 species and 8,774 localities. There are a total of 1,685 collectors and 6,122 collection dates for the state. This results in a total of 8,812 expeditions for the state, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The state's earliest collection year is 1856 and its most recent collection year is 2017. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 2 and December 31, respectively.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Missouri by species. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 434 1057 255 401 449 1890 2017
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 336 593 128 313 324 1889 2017
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 88 193 53 81 87 1897 2016
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander 89 502 58 90 105 1927 2016
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 154 306 100 150 165 1895 2017
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 94 191 79 114 127 1897 2016
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander 15 68 23 32 38 1900 2004
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 155 354 105 169 187 1893 2016
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 99 220 62 95 101 1884 2017
Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma 17 20 9 16 16 1956 2013
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 360 621 165 342 372 1886 2017
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad 25 69 11 27 27 1948 2015
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 159 411 98 143 161 1886 2015
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad 47 194 24 51 53 1931 2015
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 44 62 31 29 34 1913 2014
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 141 178 84 112 120 1907 2017
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 153 298 87 142 152 1890 2017
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 293 751 168 300 356 1888 2017
Cemophora coccinea Northern Scarletsnake 7 8 10 6 6 1942 2012
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 313 404 97 243 256 1898 2017
Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle 25 46 23 27 31 1898 2012
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 230 283 82 184 194 1890 2017
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake 3 5 3 4 4 1967 2007
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 483 655 169 418 452 1856 2017
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 132 153 68 116 122 1896 2016
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 187 357 86 150 160 1898 2017
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 106 218 59 104 113 1892 2009
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 75 277 50 86 92 1896 2007
Deirochelys reticularia Western Chicken Turtle 11 11 9 9 9 1957 2014
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 438 1119 221 417 483 1887 2017
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle 11 12 7 9 9 1941 2000
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 304 782 174 295 344 1887 2017
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 182 417 146 198 227 1892 2015
Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander 120 777 105 177 191 1891 2008
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander 99 418 37 85 95 1910 2014
Farancia abacura Western Mudsnake 23 30 23 17 19 1898 2013
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 88 165 68 92 96 1891 2017
Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad 35 90 12 42 46 1926 2004
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle 130 220 64 118 127 1906 2017
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 25 29 33 22 24 1990 2017
Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle 68 92 39 43 47 1884 2017
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 104 318 68 106 124 1897 2017
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander 31 45 37 29 34 1956 2016
Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko 2 2 2 2 2 2003 2015
Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake 12 13 12 8 9 1938 2013
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake 3 5 2 3 3 1942 1969
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 221 270 82 189 200 1889 2016
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog 57 187 21 55 55 1909 2014
Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog 45 108 48 50 58 1909 2015
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 83 187 61 77 93 1899 2015
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle 10 45 8 28 29 1936 2002
Kinosternon subrubrum Mississippi Mud Turtle 25 41 21 22 24 1898 2010
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 328 391 116 292 306 1893 2017
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 244 303 96 220 234 1889 2017
Lampropeltis nigra Eastern Black Kingsnake 13 13 9 9 10 1932 2011
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 208 281 105 196 208 1857 2016
Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog 44 73 36 53 54 1904 2015
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 155 315 82 141 148 1891 2017
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 304 526 181 320 350 1885 2017
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 207 301 130 206 223 1885 2017
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 188 280 107 179 189 1884 2017
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog 2 6 3 2 2 1985 2009
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 324 529 191 327 348 1891 2017
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 28 48 25 28 31 1906 2015
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle 20 25 13 12 12 1891 2014
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 70 91 61 65 69 1885 2013
Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake 6 15 5 7 9 1897 1961
Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake 138 342 69 125 132 1898 2015
Nerodia fasciata Broad-banded Watersnake 37 64 32 42 46 1897 2014
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 117 347 49 127 137 1891 2017
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 474 1085 191 399 432 1897 2017
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 151 527 116 169 201 1890 2017
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 226 288 87 195 202 1890 2017
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake 16 25 4 7 7 1899 1970
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 113 135 64 94 100 1895 2015
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 73 92 37 55 61 1899 2013
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 416 526 169 379 405 1889 2017
Pantherophis ramspotti Western Foxsnake 10 13 4 6 7 1953 1980
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake 17 22 10 13 13 1900 2014
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard 4 6 2 4 4 1889 1930
Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake 73 86 28 60 61 1899 2017
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 107 129 70 100 103 1907 2016
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 392 758 212 391 461 1892 2017
Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink 103 132 64 99 107 1884 2013
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink 10 17 6 11 11 1940 2011
Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink 8 15 11 10 10 1949 2004
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 258 566 180 248 304 1890 2017
Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander 33 84 23 35 40 1906 2017
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 156 468 136 165 217 1896 2015
Podarcis siculus 1 Italian Wall Lizard 1 3 2 1 1 2013 2013
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 168 347 125 175 195 1892 2017
Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog 21 50 14 22 24 1900 1995
Pseudacris fouquettei Cajun Chorus Frog 3 10 6 3 3 2005 2013
Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog 30 119 22 26 27 1954 2012
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 126 279 78 128 139 1891 2017
Pseudemys concinna River Cooter 76 91 43 63 65 1899 2017
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 86 205 34 74 81 1897 2017
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot 15 40 11 11 11 1940 2002
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 387 719 220 338 413 1888 2017
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 273 488 184 255 296 1889 2017
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 41 104 39 53 56 1899 2015
Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga 13 40 7 9 10 1899 1941
Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake 69 112 44 61 69 1900 2017
Sistrurus tergeminus Prairie Massasauga 36 119 14 49 53 1915 2017
Sonora semiannulata Variable Groundsnake 40 280 28 65 74 1937 2012
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot 61 335 10 47 52 1942 2013
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle 105 136 70 88 93 1892 2017
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 246 441 95 226 231 1892 2017
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 134 180 69 129 134 1889 2017
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 143 381 104 144 170 1892 2017
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 498 640 183 344 373 1878 2017
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 199 243 79 158 168 1890 2017
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 256 353 110 246 260 1898 2017
Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake 46 141 17 43 45 1857 2017
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 447 662 178 422 440 1884 2017
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 285 361 92 214 227 1878 2017
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 74 144 54 88 90 1885 2017
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 158 282 80 160 172 1892 2016

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.