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Species List (Collection Summary)


Collection Summary

Missouri has a total of 30,807 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 118 species and 9,220 localities. There are a total of 1,763 collectors and 6,335 collection dates for the state. This results in a total of 9,128 expeditions for the state, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The state's earliest collection year is 1856 and its most recent collection year is 2020. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 2 and December 31, respectively.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Missouri by species. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 437 1060 258 403 451 1890 2018
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 349 607 134 325 337 1889 2019
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 89 194 53 82 88 1897 2019
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander 90 503 59 91 106 1927 2019
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 159 312 107 155 170 1895 2019
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 95 192 81 115 128 1897 2018
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander 15 68 23 32 38 1900 2004
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 158 357 111 172 190 1893 2019
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 102 223 64 98 104 1884 2019
Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma 17 20 9 16 16 1956 2013
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 374 638 179 357 388 1886 2019
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad 25 69 11 27 27 1948 2015
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 162 414 99 146 164 1886 2019
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad 47 194 24 51 53 1931 2015
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 46 64 31 30 35 1913 2014
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 146 184 87 117 125 1907 2019
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 157 302 92 146 156 1890 2018
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 295 753 171 301 357 1888 2019
Cemophora coccinea Northern Scarletsnake 7 8 10 6 6 1942 2012
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 334 425 100 261 275 1898 2019
Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle 25 46 23 27 31 1898 2012
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 241 294 85 194 204 1890 2020
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake 3 5 3 4 4 1967 2007
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 494 666 176 429 463 1856 2019
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 133 154 69 117 123 1896 2019
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 188 358 88 151 161 1898 2018
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 106 218 59 104 113 1892 2009
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 77 280 53 87 95 1896 2007
Deirochelys reticularia Western Chicken Turtle 11 11 9 9 9 1957 2014
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 444 1126 223 423 489 1887 2019
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle 11 12 7 9 9 1941 2000
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 313 802 193 306 361 1887 2017
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 192 433 162 210 243 1892 2019
Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander 124 781 109 181 195 1891 2008
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander 100 419 37 86 96 1910 2018
Farancia abacura Western Mudsnake 23 30 23 17 19 1898 2013
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 90 167 70 93 97 1891 2018
Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad 36 91 14 43 47 1926 2015
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle 156 250 67 131 140 1906 2019
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 26 30 34 23 25 1990 2017
Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle 75 99 42 49 53 1884 2019
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 104 318 68 106 124 1897 2017
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander 31 45 37 29 34 1956 2016
Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko 2 2 2 2 2 2003 2015
Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake 12 13 12 8 9 1938 2013
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake 3 5 2 3 3 1942 1969
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 225 274 87 193 204 1889 2018
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog 57 187 21 55 55 1909 2014
Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog 45 108 48 50 58 1909 2015
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 83 187 61 77 93 1899 2015
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle 12 47 10 30 31 1936 2002
Kinosternon subrubrum Mississippi Mud Turtle 25 41 21 22 24 1898 2010
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 340 403 122 304 318 1893 2019
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 257 316 102 232 246 1889 2019
Lampropeltis nigra Eastern Black Kingsnake 13 13 9 9 10 1932 2011
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 216 291 107 205 218 1857 2019
Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog 47 78 38 56 57 1904 2018
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 157 317 82 143 150 1891 2019
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 314 538 191 330 360 1885 2019
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 212 308 134 211 230 1885 2019
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 190 282 109 181 191 1884 2018
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog 2 6 3 2 2 1985 2009
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 333 539 197 336 358 1891 2019
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 28 48 25 28 31 1906 2015
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle 21 26 16 13 13 1891 2014
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 70 91 61 65 69 1885 2013
Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake 6 15 5 7 9 1897 1961
Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake 142 346 71 129 136 1898 2019
Nerodia fasciata Broad-banded Watersnake 38 65 32 43 47 1897 2019
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 118 348 50 128 138 1891 2018
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 491 1103 200 414 448 1897 2019
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 155 531 123 173 205 1890 2018
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 235 297 90 203 210 1890 2019
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake 16 25 4 7 7 1899 1970
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 124 146 72 104 110 1895 2019
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 75 94 40 57 63 1899 2019
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 435 545 171 394 420 1889 2019
Pantherophis ramspotti Western Foxsnake 10 13 4 6 7 1953 1980
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake 17 22 10 13 13 1900 2014
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard 4 6 2 4 4 1889 1930
Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake 78 91 31 65 66 1899 2019
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 108 130 71 101 104 1907 2016
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 397 764 216 394 464 1892 2018
Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink 107 136 70 103 111 1884 2019
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink 10 17 6 11 11 1940 2011
Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink 8 15 11 10 10 1949 2004
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 269 579 188 258 315 1890 2019
Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander 36 87 26 38 43 1906 2017
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 160 473 141 169 222 1896 2019
Podarcis siculus 1 Italian Wall Lizard 3 5 3 3 3 2013 2019
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 175 356 136 182 204 1892 2019
Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog 21 50 14 22 24 1900 1995
Pseudacris fouquettei Cajun Chorus Frog 3 10 6 3 3 2005 2013
Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog 30 119 22 26 27 1954 2012
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 129 284 81 131 143 1891 2018
Pseudemys concinna River Cooter 82 98 47 68 70 1899 2019
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 87 206 34 75 82 1897 2019
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot 15 40 11 11 11 1940 2002
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 393 725 224 342 418 1888 2019
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 280 497 192 261 303 1889 2019
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 41 104 39 53 56 1899 2015
Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga 13 40 7 9 10 1899 1941
Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake 71 114 45 63 71 1900 2019
Sistrurus tergeminus Prairie Massasauga 38 121 16 51 55 1915 2019
Sonora semiannulata Variable Groundsnake 40 280 28 65 74 1937 2012
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot 61 335 10 47 52 1942 2013
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle 106 137 71 89 94 1892 2019
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 265 461 100 240 245 1892 2019
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 134 180 70 129 134 1889 2017
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 143 381 105 144 170 1892 2017
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 534 677 189 372 401 1878 2019
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 208 253 85 167 177 1890 2019
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 264 361 113 253 267 1898 2019
Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake 47 142 17 44 46 1857 2018
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 474 691 189 444 464 1884 2019
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 306 382 98 231 244 1878 2019
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 76 146 56 90 92 1885 2019
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 159 283 80 161 173 1892 2018

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.