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Species List (Collection Summary)


Collection Summary

Missouri has a total of 33,670 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 118 species and 10,232 localities. There are a total of 1,927 collectors and 6,612 collection dates for the state. This results in a total of 9,672 expeditions for the state, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The state's earliest collection year is 1856 and its most recent collection year is 2020. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 2 and December 31, respectively.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Missouri by species. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 477 1245 275 432 487 1890 2020
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 372 635 148 345 362 1889 2020
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 96 218 64 92 100 1897 2020
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander 95 513 66 97 113 1927 2020
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 180 401 121 174 193 1895 2020
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 105 206 88 124 137 1897 2020
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander 20 73 27 36 43 1900 2020
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 179 446 119 188 207 1893 2020
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 128 273 68 113 122 1884 2019
Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma 18 21 10 17 17 1956 2013
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 414 690 196 388 422 1886 2020
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad 44 100 19 37 37 1948 2020
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 167 419 104 151 169 1886 2020
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad 61 218 29 61 63 1931 2020
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 52 70 37 36 41 1913 2020
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 165 203 102 133 144 1907 2020
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 178 372 101 166 178 1890 2020
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 326 825 185 323 384 1888 2020
Cemophora coccinea Northern Scarletsnake 7 9 11 7 7 1942 2012
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 354 446 113 277 294 1898 2020
Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle 27 51 23 29 33 1898 2020
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 254 312 88 203 214 1890 2020
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake 4 6 5 5 5 1967 2015
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 540 720 197 464 501 1856 2020
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 141 163 74 123 130 1896 2019
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 204 376 98 165 176 1898 2020
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 119 234 70 116 125 1892 2020
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 80 294 56 91 101 1896 2007
Deirochelys reticularia Western Chicken Turtle 11 11 9 9 9 1957 2014
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 483 1188 250 455 527 1887 2020
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle 11 12 7 9 9 1941 2000
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 328 896 206 321 377 1887 2020
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 206 464 174 222 257 1892 2020
Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander 133 813 116 189 205 1891 2020
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander 105 471 39 90 100 1910 2020
Farancia abacura Western Mudsnake 24 32 24 18 21 1898 2013
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 99 179 76 102 106 1891 2020
Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad 38 98 17 45 49 1926 2019
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle 198 306 78 152 164 1906 2020
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 29 34 36 26 28 1990 2020
Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle 79 103 44 52 56 1884 2020
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 118 359 74 117 135 1897 2020
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander 39 99 45 38 43 1956 2016
Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko 3 4 4 3 3 2003 2020
Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake 13 14 13 9 10 1938 2019
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake 3 5 2 3 3 1942 1969
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 240 289 101 206 219 1889 2020
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog 62 197 26 60 60 1909 2020
Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog 52 121 56 56 66 1909 2015
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 97 206 68 89 107 1899 2020
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle 12 47 10 30 31 1936 2002
Kinosternon subrubrum Mississippi Mud Turtle 27 43 23 23 26 1898 2010
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 370 436 137 326 342 1893 2020
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 286 346 125 257 274 1889 2020
Lampropeltis nigra Eastern Black Kingsnake 16 16 12 12 13 1932 2020
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 236 316 119 214 233 1857 2020
Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog 51 94 40 60 61 1904 2018
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 173 333 88 155 163 1891 2020
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 343 579 207 354 386 1885 2020
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 225 326 139 221 242 1885 2020
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 214 314 123 201 214 1884 2020
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog 4 10 4 4 4 1970 2009
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 358 578 211 358 380 1891 2020
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 35 58 31 35 38 1906 2020
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle 27 32 24 19 19 1891 2020
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 78 100 66 70 76 1885 2013
Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake 6 15 5 7 9 1897 1961
Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake 152 358 80 138 147 1898 2020
Nerodia fasciata Broad-banded Watersnake 40 68 33 46 50 1897 2020
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 125 366 57 138 151 1891 2020
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 526 1147 217 439 477 1897 2020
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 181 572 140 194 229 1890 2020
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 251 315 102 216 225 1890 2020
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake 17 27 5 8 8 1899 1970
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 132 166 82 116 123 1895 2020
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 78 97 42 60 66 1899 2019
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 484 600 195 436 467 1889 2020
Pantherophis ramspotti Western Foxsnake 12 19 5 7 8 1953 1980
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake 19 24 11 15 15 1900 2020
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard 4 6 2 4 4 1889 1930
Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake 93 107 37 77 78 1899 2020
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 116 139 77 108 111 1907 2016
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 441 839 237 429 506 1892 2020
Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink 118 147 79 112 120 1884 2020
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink 13 20 8 14 14 1940 2011
Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink 10 16 10 12 13 1949 2004
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 292 644 198 273 331 1890 2020
Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander 47 110 28 43 48 1906 2020
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 183 548 156 190 244 1896 2020
Podarcis siculus 1 Italian Wall Lizard 3 5 3 3 3 2013 2019
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 196 419 150 200 225 1892 2020
Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog 28 64 20 26 29 1900 1995
Pseudacris fouquettei Cajun Chorus Frog 3 10 6 3 3 2005 2013
Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog 32 123 23 27 28 1954 2012
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 146 322 85 142 155 1891 2020
Pseudemys concinna River Cooter 89 105 54 75 77 1899 2020
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 97 220 37 82 92 1897 2020
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot 15 40 11 11 11 1940 2002
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 422 840 241 371 453 1888 2020
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 300 533 206 279 323 1889 2020
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 44 110 43 57 60 1899 2020
Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga 13 40 7 9 10 1899 1941
Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake 77 126 53 72 80 1900 2020
Sistrurus tergeminus Prairie Massasauga 38 136 22 56 62 1915 2019
Sonora semiannulata Variable Groundsnake 44 284 29 67 77 1937 2012
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot 73 380 11 54 59 1942 2013
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle 115 147 79 96 103 1892 2020
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 287 490 117 259 267 1892 2020
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 143 192 76 138 143 1889 2020
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 155 406 110 152 179 1892 2017
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 576 720 204 403 433 1878 2020
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 214 259 91 173 183 1890 2020
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 285 384 124 272 286 1898 2020
Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake 54 155 19 51 54 1857 2020
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 507 730 206 467 490 1884 2020
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 334 424 107 247 261 1878 2020
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 80 151 60 93 96 1885 2020
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 172 298 89 170 183 1892 2020

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.