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Species List (Collection Summary)


Collection Summary

Missouri has a total of 33,941 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 118 species and 10,464 localities. There are a total of 1,966 collectors and 6,716 collection dates for the state. This results in a total of 9,832 expeditions for the state, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The state's earliest collection year is 1856 and its most recent collection year is 2021. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 2 and December 31, respectively.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Missouri by species. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 480 1248 277 435 490 1890 2021
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 375 638 149 348 365 1889 2021
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 97 219 64 93 101 1897 2021
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander 96 514 68 98 114 1927 2021
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 185 406 124 177 196 1895 2021
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 107 210 89 126 139 1897 2021
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander 20 73 27 36 43 1900 2020
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 181 448 121 190 209 1893 2021
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 132 277 73 117 126 1884 2021
Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma 18 21 10 17 17 1956 2013
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 418 694 200 391 425 1886 2021
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad 44 100 19 37 37 1948 2020
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 167 419 104 151 169 1886 2020
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad 61 218 29 61 63 1931 2020
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 53 71 38 37 42 1913 2021
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 170 209 103 137 148 1907 2021
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 181 375 103 169 181 1890 2021
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 329 828 189 326 387 1888 2021
Cemophora coccinea Northern Scarletsnake 7 9 11 7 7 1942 2012
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 368 460 115 290 307 1898 2021
Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle 28 52 23 30 34 1898 2021
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 258 316 89 207 218 1890 2021
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake 4 6 5 5 5 1967 2015
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 544 724 198 468 505 1856 2021
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 142 164 74 124 131 1896 2021
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 206 378 100 167 178 1898 2021
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 119 234 70 116 125 1892 2020
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 80 294 56 91 101 1896 2007
Deirochelys reticularia Western Chicken Turtle 11 11 9 9 9 1957 2014
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 484 1189 251 456 528 1887 2021
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle 11 12 7 9 9 1941 2000
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 328 896 206 321 377 1887 2020
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 206 464 174 222 257 1892 2020
Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander 133 813 116 189 205 1891 2020
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander 105 471 39 90 100 1910 2020
Farancia abacura Western Mudsnake 24 32 24 18 21 1898 2013
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 99 179 76 102 106 1891 2020
Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad 38 98 17 45 49 1926 2019
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle 200 309 80 154 166 1906 2021
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 30 35 36 27 29 1990 2021
Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle 81 106 45 54 58 1884 2021
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 118 359 74 117 135 1897 2020
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander 39 99 45 38 43 1956 2016
Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko 5 6 6 5 5 2003 2021
Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake 13 14 13 9 10 1938 2019
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake 3 5 2 3 3 1942 1969
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 242 291 104 208 221 1889 2021
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog 62 197 26 60 60 1909 2020
Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog 53 122 57 57 67 1909 2021
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 100 209 74 92 110 1899 2021
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle 12 47 10 30 31 1936 2002
Kinosternon subrubrum Mississippi Mud Turtle 27 43 23 23 26 1898 2010
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 380 446 146 336 352 1893 2021
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 288 348 126 259 276 1889 2021
Lampropeltis nigra Eastern Black Kingsnake 18 18 14 14 15 1932 2021
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 238 318 120 216 235 1857 2021
Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog 52 95 42 61 62 1904 2021
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 174 334 88 156 164 1891 2021
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 347 583 208 358 390 1885 2021
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 229 330 145 225 246 1885 2021
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 216 316 123 203 216 1884 2021
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog 4 10 4 4 4 1970 2009
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 365 586 217 363 385 1891 2021
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 37 65 33 37 40 1906 2021
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle 27 32 24 19 19 1891 2020
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 79 101 67 71 77 1885 2019
Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake 6 15 5 7 9 1897 1961
Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake 153 359 80 139 148 1898 2021
Nerodia fasciata Broad-banded Watersnake 40 68 33 46 50 1897 2020
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 126 367 57 139 152 1891 2021
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 533 1154 218 446 484 1897 2021
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 181 572 140 194 229 1890 2020
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 254 318 107 219 228 1890 2021
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake 17 27 5 8 8 1899 1970
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 134 168 82 118 125 1895 2021
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 79 98 43 61 67 1899 2021
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 490 606 195 442 473 1889 2021
Pantherophis ramspotti Western Foxsnake 12 19 5 7 8 1953 1980
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake 19 24 11 15 15 1900 2020
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard 4 6 2 4 4 1889 1930
Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake 95 109 40 79 80 1899 2021
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 117 140 78 109 112 1907 2021
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 445 844 241 434 511 1892 2021
Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink 119 148 79 113 121 1884 2021
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink 13 20 8 14 14 1940 2011
Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink 11 17 11 13 14 1949 2021
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 292 644 198 273 331 1890 2020
Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander 47 110 28 43 48 1906 2020
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 183 548 156 190 244 1896 2020
Podarcis siculus 1 Italian Wall Lizard 3 5 3 3 3 2013 2019
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 201 425 152 204 229 1892 2021
Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog 29 66 21 27 30 1900 2021
Pseudacris fouquettei Cajun Chorus Frog 4 12 7 4 4 2005 2021
Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog 32 123 23 27 28 1954 2012
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 151 327 95 147 160 1891 2021
Pseudemys concinna River Cooter 91 107 54 76 78 1899 2021
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 99 222 38 84 94 1897 2021
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot 15 40 11 11 11 1940 2002
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 426 844 241 374 456 1888 2021
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 302 535 206 281 325 1889 2021
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 44 110 43 57 60 1899 2020
Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga 13 40 7 9 10 1899 1941
Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake 78 127 54 73 81 1900 2021
Sistrurus tergeminus Prairie Massasauga 40 139 22 58 64 1915 2021
Sonora semiannulata Variable Groundsnake 44 284 29 67 77 1937 2012
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot 74 381 13 55 60 1942 2014
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle 117 149 80 98 105 1892 2021
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 297 500 118 265 274 1892 2021
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 145 194 80 140 145 1889 2021
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 155 406 110 152 179 1892 2017
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 603 747 208 424 456 1878 2021
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 229 274 93 187 197 1890 2021
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 286 385 124 273 287 1898 2021
Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake 56 157 19 52 55 1857 2021
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 518 741 207 475 499 1884 2021
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 344 436 108 253 267 1878 2021
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 81 152 60 94 97 1885 2021
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 173 299 89 171 184 1892 2021

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.