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Species List (Collection Summary)


Collection Summary

Missouri has a total of 30,612 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 118 species and 9,035 localities. There are a total of 1,750 collectors and 6,257 collection dates for the state. This results in a total of 9,031 expeditions for the state, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The state's earliest collection year is 1856 and its most recent collection year is 2018. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are January 2 and December 31, respectively.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Missouri by species. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 437 1060 258 404 452 1890 2018
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 346 604 134 322 334 1889 2018
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 88 193 53 81 87 1897 2016
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander 89 502 58 90 105 1927 2016
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 158 310 107 154 169 1895 2018
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 95 192 81 115 128 1897 2018
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander 15 68 23 32 38 1900 2004
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 157 356 109 171 189 1893 2018
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 100 221 62 96 102 1884 2018
Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma 17 20 9 16 16 1956 2013
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 371 635 178 355 386 1886 2018
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad 25 69 11 27 27 1948 2015
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 160 412 99 144 162 1886 2018
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad 47 194 24 51 53 1931 2015
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 44 62 31 29 34 1913 2014
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 142 179 85 113 121 1907 2017
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 157 302 92 146 156 1890 2018
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 294 752 170 301 357 1888 2017
Cemophora coccinea Northern Scarletsnake 7 8 10 6 6 1942 2012
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 324 415 100 252 266 1898 2018
Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle 25 46 23 27 31 1898 2012
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 236 289 85 190 200 1890 2018
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake 3 5 3 4 4 1967 2007
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 491 663 174 426 460 1856 2018
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 132 153 68 116 122 1896 2016
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 188 358 88 151 161 1898 2018
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 106 218 59 104 113 1892 2009
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 77 280 53 87 95 1896 2007
Deirochelys reticularia Western Chicken Turtle 11 11 9 9 9 1957 2014
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 441 1123 222 421 487 1887 2018
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle 11 12 7 9 9 1941 2000
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 313 802 193 307 362 1887 2017
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 191 432 161 209 242 1892 2015
Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander 124 781 109 181 195 1891 2008
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander 100 419 37 86 96 1910 2018
Farancia abacura Western Mudsnake 23 30 23 17 19 1898 2013
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 89 166 69 93 97 1891 2018
Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad 35 90 12 42 46 1926 2004
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle 142 234 65 123 132 1906 2018
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 25 29 33 22 24 1990 2017
Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle 69 93 40 44 48 1884 2017
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 104 318 68 106 124 1897 2017
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander 31 45 37 29 34 1956 2016
Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko 2 2 2 2 2 2003 2015
Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake 12 13 12 8 9 1938 2013
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake 3 5 2 3 3 1942 1969
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 223 272 84 191 202 1889 2018
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog 57 187 21 55 55 1909 2014
Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog 45 108 48 50 58 1909 2015
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 83 187 61 77 93 1899 2015
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle 12 47 10 30 31 1936 2002
Kinosternon subrubrum Mississippi Mud Turtle 25 41 21 22 24 1898 2010
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 336 399 121 300 314 1893 2018
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 253 312 100 229 243 1889 2018
Lampropeltis nigra Eastern Black Kingsnake 13 13 9 9 10 1932 2011
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 215 290 107 204 217 1857 2018
Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog 47 78 38 56 57 1904 2018
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 156 316 82 142 149 1891 2018
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 311 534 190 327 357 1885 2018
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 209 305 134 208 227 1885 2017
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 190 282 109 181 191 1884 2018
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog 2 6 3 2 2 1985 2009
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 329 535 195 332 354 1891 2018
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 28 48 25 28 31 1906 2015
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle 20 25 13 12 12 1891 2014
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 70 91 61 65 69 1885 2013
Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake 6 15 5 7 9 1897 1961
Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake 141 345 71 128 135 1898 2018
Nerodia fasciata Broad-banded Watersnake 37 64 32 42 46 1897 2014
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 118 348 50 128 138 1891 2018
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 486 1098 200 410 444 1897 2018
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 155 531 123 173 205 1890 2018
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 231 293 88 199 206 1890 2018
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake 16 25 4 7 7 1899 1970
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 123 145 71 103 109 1895 2018
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 74 93 39 56 62 1899 2013
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 426 536 170 386 412 1889 2018
Pantherophis ramspotti Western Foxsnake 10 13 4 6 7 1953 1980
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake 17 22 10 13 13 1900 2014
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard 4 6 2 4 4 1889 1930
Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake 76 89 31 63 64 1899 2018
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 108 130 71 101 104 1907 2016
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 397 764 216 396 466 1892 2018
Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink 105 134 67 101 109 1884 2013
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink 10 17 6 11 11 1940 2011
Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink 8 15 11 10 10 1949 2004
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 268 578 188 258 315 1890 2018
Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander 36 87 26 38 43 1906 2017
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 158 471 140 167 220 1896 2015
Podarcis siculus 1 Italian Wall Lizard 2 4 2 2 2 2013 2013
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 174 355 136 181 203 1892 2018
Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog 21 50 14 22 24 1900 1995
Pseudacris fouquettei Cajun Chorus Frog 3 10 6 3 3 2005 2013
Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog 30 119 22 26 27 1954 2012
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 129 284 81 131 143 1891 2018
Pseudemys concinna River Cooter 77 92 44 64 66 1899 2017
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 86 205 34 74 81 1897 2017
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot 15 40 11 11 11 1940 2002
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 391 723 223 342 417 1888 2018
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 277 494 190 259 301 1889 2018
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 41 104 39 53 56 1899 2015
Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga 13 40 7 9 10 1899 1941
Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake 70 113 44 62 70 1900 2018
Sistrurus tergeminus Prairie Massasauga 37 120 15 50 54 1915 2017
Sonora semiannulata Variable Groundsnake 40 280 28 65 74 1937 2012
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot 61 335 10 47 52 1942 2013
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle 105 136 70 88 93 1892 2017
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 253 448 97 233 238 1892 2018
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 134 180 70 129 134 1889 2017
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 143 381 105 144 170 1892 2017
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 520 663 186 359 388 1878 2018
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 207 252 85 166 176 1890 2018
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 261 358 112 251 265 1898 2018
Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake 47 142 17 44 46 1857 2018
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 467 684 188 439 458 1884 2018
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 292 368 96 220 233 1878 2018
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 74 144 54 88 90 1885 2017
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 159 283 80 161 173 1892 2018

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.