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Jefferson County, Missouri


Species List

Salamanders (Caudata)

Frogs (Anura)

Lizards (Lacertilia)

Snakes (Serpentes)

Turtles (Testudines)

Collection Summary

Jefferson County has a total of 895 valid, non-duplicated collections representing 65 species and 140 localities. There are a total of 88 collectors and 179 collection dates for the county. This results in a total of 232 expeditions for the county, a measure of unique date / collector(s) combinations. The county's earliest collection year is 1893 and its most recent collection year is 2016. The earliest and latest collection dates (independent of earliest and most recent collection years) are February 2 and November 27, respectively. If you have a new record to report for Jefferson County, read the New Records section of the FAQ.

Collection Summary by Species

Collection summary for Jefferson County by species. Some values are unavailable since some records are represented solely by historical literature reports, which sometimes lack complete collecting data. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Species Common Name Localities Collections Collectors Dates Expeditions Earliest Year Latest Year
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog 19 36 9 13 13 1895 1994
Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead 15 18 11 11 11 1927 2015
Agkistrodon piscivorus Western Cottonmouth 1 1 1 1 1
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander 1 1 1 1 1
Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander 1 6 3 3 4 1932 1932
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander 2 5 2 3 3 1903 1906
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander 5 5 1 1 1
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad 12 12 12 6 6 1969 2015
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad 10 26 6 5 5 1932 1958
Apalone mutica Midland Smooth Softshell 3 7 5 5 5 1933 1996
Apalone spinifera Eastern Spiny Softshell 4 4 3 3 3 1932 2006
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner 12 24 7 8 9 1895 1938
Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake 13 44 11 15 16 1899 1971
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle 7 7 3 2 2 1971 1971
Chrysemys picta Western Painted Turtle 2 2 2 2 2 1932 1932
Coluber constrictor North American Racer 28 33 12 12 14 1897 1971
Coluber flagellum Eastern Coachwhip 6 8 5 6 6 1896 2016
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake 4 6 3 3 3 1898 2009
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard 9 18 4 9 9 1895 1952
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender 1 1 1 1 1
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake 20 37 21 19 20 1899 2015
Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander 16 41 17 18 20 1898 1971
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander 20 45 21 22 24 1902 2015
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad 1 1 1 1 1 1994 1994
Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle 1 1 2 1 1 2008 2008
Haldea striatula Rough Earthsnake 4 21 4 5 5 1897 1938
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake 5 6 2 2 2 1905 1905
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog 2 2 2 2 2 1992 1994
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie Kingsnake 11 13 3 4 4 1910 1965
Lampropeltis holbrooki Speckled Kingsnake 7 11 3 3 3 1897 1969
Lampropeltis triangulum Eastern Milksnake 8 17 7 7 9 1895 2003
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog 1 1 1 1 1 1932 1932
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog 3 3 1 1 1
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog 6 8 9 4 5 1932 2015
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog 2 3 2 2 2 1899 1899
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog 6 7 9 6 7 1932 1971
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog 1 1 1 1 1 1980 1980
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy 3 4 2 3 4 1899 1909
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake 2 2 1 1 1
Nerodia sipedon Common Watersnake 7 9 2 3 3 1897 1897
Notophthalmus viridescens Central Newt 4 5 3 2 2 1932 1932
Opheodrys aestivus Northern Rough Greensnake 8 14 4 6 7 1903 1938
Ophisaurus attenuatus Western Slender Glass Lizard 5 8 3 3 3 1897 1932
Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake 13 22 4 5 7 1899 1938
Pantherophis obsoletus Western Ratsnake 10 13 2 5 5 1900 1912
Plestiodon anthracinus Southern Coal Skink 4 5 5 3 3 1907 2015
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink 14 37 21 20 30 1907 1987
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander 16 33 18 14 16 1897 2015
Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander 18 28 14 17 20 1900 1971
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper 6 7 2 2 2 1932 1932
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog 8 10 6 4 5 1958 1994
Regina grahamii Graham's Crawfish Snake 2 3 1 1 1
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard 34 46 19 18 23 1908 1987
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink 14 26 18 9 14 1912 2015
Siren intermedia Western Lesser Siren 1 1 1 1 1
Storeria dekayi DeKay's Brownsnake 5 5 2 3 3 1903 1932
Storeria occipitomaculata Northern Red-bellied Snake 3 4 2 2 2 1897 1897
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake 16 58 26 20 33 1895 1987
Terrapene carolina Three-toed Box Turtle 20 25 7 6 7 1893 2005
Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle 1 1 1 1 1
Thamnophis proximus Orange-striped Ribbonsnake 3 3 1 1 1
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake 5 10 6 7 8 1900 1964
Trachemys scripta Red-eared Slider 3 5 2 2 2 1905 1905
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake 6 13 16 10 10 1936 2015
Virginia valeriae Western Smooth Earthsnake 8 14 6 10 11 1900 1971

Potential Species Records

Potential species for Jefferson County. Species are listed in descending order of their likelihood of occurrence within the county. Click on a species or common name to view more information about that species. Click on column headings to sort by that column.
Likelihood Species Common Name Rationale Ecoregion / Watershed
2 Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
2 Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle Same watershed, within 5 miles Meramec
2 Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle Same watershed, within 5 miles Meramec
2 Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
2 Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
2 Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Middle Mississippi Alluvial Plain
2 Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Meramec River Hills
2 Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
2 Pseudemys concinna River Cooter Same watershed, within 5 miles Meramec
2 Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
2 Sistrurus miliarius Western Pygmy Rattlesnake Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Meramec River Hills
2 Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle Same watershed, within 5 miles Big
2 Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle Same watershed, within 5 miles Meramec
2 Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake Same Level IV ecoregion, within 5 miles Eastern Ozark Border
4 Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle Same watershed, within 10 miles Big
6 Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Eastern Ozark Border
6 Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander Same Level IV ecoregion, within 20 miles Meramec River Hills
7 Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
7 Hemidactylus turcicus 1 Mediterranean Gecko Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
7 Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
7 Pituophis catenifer Bullsnake Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
7 Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot Same Level III ecoregion, within 20 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
8 Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander Same Level IV ecoregion, within 30 miles Meramec River Hills
9 Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
9 Lithobates areolatus Northern Crawfish Frog Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
9 Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Interior River Valleys and Hills
9 Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog Same Level III ecoregion, within 30 miles Ozark Highlands

Checklist

All MOHAP publications are released in portable document format (PDF), an ISO standard. You must download and install a reader (click icon below) to view these documents. A state checklist, including all counties, is available on the publications page.

Notes

1 This species is not native to Missouri. Thus far, non-native reptiles in Missouri have only been found in urban areas and do not appear to constitute a threat to our native herpetofauna. This is not the case everywhere and non-native species that become invasive are considered by many biologists to be a major threat, second only to habitat loss, to our native species. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of this and all non-native species. Furthermore, it is illegal to release non-native species into the environment.